The tranquileye free media papers is a collection of material about campus and community radio in Canada and the world, micro and pirate broadcasting, and community networking, gathered by long-time community media policy wonk John Harris Stevenson. Not intended as an academic archive per se, the collection is meant to bring a large amount of primary material into one place to ease the research of academics and provide a resource for community and campus broadcasters.

Community Radio Support in Other Jurisdictions

Submitted by tranquileye on Mon, 2006-05-29 16:33.

In May 2006 the National Campus and Community Radio Association (NCRA/ANREC) completed a study of community radio support mechanisms in several industrialized countries. This work was not exhaustive, as some countries identified as having community radio funding programs (including Denmark and Belgium) were not included because of lack of primary sources during the research period. The study was restricted to state-mandated support for community radio at the federal level. The NCRA/ANREC has identified seven industrialized countries – Ireland, the United States, Australia, France, the Netherlands, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom – with national government-mandated community radio support programs. Support typically takes one of three forms: a direct station operational subsidy; targeted support for specific station operations (typically programming production and distribution, staff training and capacity building, and transmission and production equipment); or a combination of the two.

A Comparative Study Of Community Radio: Designing a Model for 'Access' Radio in the UK

Submitted by tranquileye on Thu, 2006-04-27 11:17.

By Dr. Jo Tacchi, CIRAC, Queensland University of Technology, and Eryl Price-Davies, Radio Broadcasting, Thames Valley University. Radio, Television And The New Media: Australian Broadcasting Authority Conference, May 3 & 4 2001.

From introduction: This paper emerges from what began as a tightly focussed project commissioned by the UK’s Community Media Association (CMA). The CMA began life in 1983 as the Community Radio Association. In 1997 it changed its name to allow for community TV, and to reflect the changing media environment and incorporation of new media technologies that might be used for community building purposes. Since its inception it has been fighting for the right to broadcast community radio. Finally, in the UK, after years of lobbying, the opportunity to change the broadcasting legislation and allow for a ‘third tier’ of radio broadcasting has arrived... Rather than spending time thinking about why it has taken so long, this paper hopes to make explicit the current concerns about the processes involved in legislating for, regulating and putting into practice such an ambition.

Quantifying Community Radio… Some Qualifications

Submitted by tranquileye on Thu, 2006-04-27 10:47.

By Kerrie Foxwell, School of Film Media and Cultural Studies Griffith University. Australian Community Broadcasting Series ISSN 1445-971X Vol. 1, No. 5. September 2001.

Exerpt: Elevation of the notion of ‘cultural citizenship’ in government and sector circles is a potentially useful concept for Australia’s community radio sector. Australian governments and others have frequently applauded our nation as a place where a diversity of cultural groups manage to live in relative harmony and enjoy tolerance and acceptance of diverse beliefs, values and practices. Community radio provides grassroots access to media which re/produces, maintains, nurtures and cultivates the acceptance and representation of Australia’s diverse and multicultural society.

Beyond the Studio: A Case Study of Community Radio and Social Capital

Submitted by tranquileye on Thu, 2006-04-27 10:43.

By Kitty Van Vuuren, Queensland University Of Technology. Australian Community Broadcasting Series ISSN 1445-971X Vol. 1, No. 4. November 2001.

Abstract: In this paper I explore the community development function of community broadcasting. I do so with a case study of three non-metropolitan community radio stations, conducted in 1998 and 1999. I apply aspects of the concept of social capital to analyse the results of research conducted at the participating stations. The findings indicate that social capital is related to the age composition of volunteers at community radio.

NCRA/ANREC Submission in Response to CRTC Commercial Radio Review

Submitted by tranquileye on Fri, 2006-04-21 09:19.

March 15, 2006. This is the submission from the National Campus and Community Radio Association in response to CRTC Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2006-1, Call for comments on Commercial Radio Review. It includes a formal proposal for the creation of a The Community Radio Fund of Canada in partnership with Alliance des radios communautaires du Canada (ARC du Canada) and Association des radiodiffuseurs communautaires du Québec (ARCQ).

NCRA/ANREC Presentation to the CRTC re. Subscription Radio, November 2004

Submitted by tranquileye on Tue, 2006-02-21 21:58.

November 4th 2004. National Campus and Community Radio Association presentation to the Canadian Radio-television Telecommunications Commission in response to Broadcasting Notice of Public Hearing CRTC 2004-6.

NCRA/ANREC, ARC du Canada, ARCQ re. CRTC Broadcasting Public Notice 2005-94

Submitted by tranquileye on Tue, 2006-02-21 14:14.

November 4, 2005. This is the response to the call for comments on CRTC Broadcasting Public Notice 2005-94, from the National Campus and Community Radio Association/l’Association nationale étudiantes et communautaires (NCRA/ANREC), l’Alliance des radios communautaires du Canada (ARC du Canada), and l’Association des radiodiffuseurs communautaires du Québec (ARCQ).

With Friends Like These: Why Community Radio Does Not Need the Corporation for Public Broadcasting

Submitted by tranquileye on Wed, 2005-11-09 13:37.

By Jesse Walker, The Cato Institute, 1997. Congress created the Corporation for Public Broadcasting to fund alternatives to commercial television and radio. Such alternatives include "community radio" stations, stations defined by their devotion to local programming and programming outside the mainstream. Those outlets are usually located in the noncommercial band and funded by listener subscriptions. But the availability of CPB subsidies has grossly distorted the stations' goals. However well-intentioned, CPB rules pressure community radio stations to replace volunteers with paid staff and to abandon diverse, experimental local programming for more bland fare. If taxpayer funding for the CPB were eliminated, community radio would not only survive; it could thrive, returning to its traditional bases of support--volunteers and subscriber funding. Economic barriers to new low-budget community radio stations, such as the price of low-power broadcasting equipment, are lower than ever. But regulatory barriers to entry remain, particularly the Federal Communications Commission's refusal to license stations operating at less than 100 watts. Removing such restrictions would further facilitate a renaissance in alternative radio.

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