b i b l i o g r a p h y

possible methodologies

Appadurai, Arjun. Modernity at Large : Cultural Dimensions of Globalization (Public Worlds, V. 1). Univ of Minnesota Press, 1996.


De Certeau. The Practice of Everyday Life. Steven F. Rendell, trans. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.


Escobar, A. “Welcome to Cyberia: Notes on the Anthropology of Cyberculture.” Current Anthropology 35(3): 211-231.


Rheingold, Howard. The Virtual Community : Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier. 1993.


Stone, Rosanne Allucquère. “Virtual Systems.” Zone: Incorporations. J. Crary & S. Kwinter, eds. Zone Books, 1992. pp. 609-624.


Winner, Langdon. “Do artifacts have politics?” The Social Shaping of Technology: How the refrigerator got its hum. Donald MacKenzie & Judy Wajcman, eds. Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1985.

starting points

Gibson, William. Neuromancer. New York: Ace Books, 1984.

Hafner, Katie, and John Markoff. Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier. New York: Touchstone, 1991.

Kroker, Arthur and Marilouise Kroker. Hacking the Future: Stories for the Flesh-Eating 90s. Montreal: New World Perspectives, 1996.

Levy, Steven. Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution. New York: Dell, 1984.

"The Method" AOL/History. Anonymous text. Electronically distributed. Circa December 1995.

Ross, Andrew. "Hacking Away at the Counterculture." from Technoculture, Constance Penley and Andrew Ross, eds. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1991.

Slatta, Michelle, and Joshua Quittner. Masters of Deception: The Gang That Ruled Cyberspace. New York: HarperPerennial, 1995.

Snyder, Joel. "E-Bomb Fallout." from. Internet World, December 1996. 108-109.

Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electronic Frontier. New York: Bantam Books, 1992.

Stone, Allucquere Rosanne. The War of Desire and Technology at the Close of the Mechanical Age. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1996.

on constructing "hacking"

Brunner, John. The Shockwave Rider. New York: Ballantine Books, 1975.

Coldwell, R.A. “Australian Attitudes Toward Legal Intervention into Hacking” Communications of the ACM, November 1995.

Hollinger, Richard C. “Computer Hackers Follow a Guttman-like Progression.” Sociology and Social Research, v 72 Apr 88, p. 199-200.

Kroker, Arthur, and Michael A. Weinstein. Data Trash: the theory of the Virtual Class. Montreal: New World Perspectives, 1994.

Kroker, Arthur, and Marilouise Kroker. Hacking the Future. Montreal:New World Perspectives, 1996.

Lee, John A.N. “Positive Alternatives: a Report on an ACM Panel on Hacking.” Communications of the ACM, April 1986.

Thomas, David. “Old Rituals for new space: Rites of passage and William Gibson’s cultural model of cyberspace.” Cyberspace: The first steps. M. Benedikt, ed. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991.