where is hacking taking place?

The question of "where" hacking is being constructed also seems worth addressing; specifically, one could critique the notion of the "cyberspace community" as it is currently constructed, principally in the work of Michael Benedict and Howard Rheingold.

One could also compare the notion of cyberspace with a concept which Arturo Escobar has borrowed from Arjun Appadurai: technoscape. Escobar defines technoscapes as "new forms of social construction of reality and of negotiations of such construction(s) [which] are introduced by the new technologies" (214).

I believe that pulling apart our assumptions concerning the "location" of the hacking activity is central to re-understanding it.